Fish Farming Profit Per Acre in India; Economics, Report


Introduction to fish farming revenue per acre and undertaking report in India

Fish farming is a type of aquaculture and it’s about elevating fish commercially in tanks or enclosures for human consumption. Fish farming includes elevating quite a lot of aquatic animals, reminiscent of fish, mollusks, and shrimp, and so on., in an enclosure reminiscent of a tank or pond. Most of the individuals are considering that how a lot revenue they’ll make per acre fish farming.

A step-by-step information to fish farming revenue per acre

Today, the demand for fish and fish merchandise is rising due to the well being benefits of their total demand for meat and meat merchandise. For one factor, fish is a wholesome supply of protein and fats. Fish farming is undoubtedly worthwhile and that is very true after they use low cost however nutritious components on the decrease finish of the meals chain.

Why fish farming?

Fish has turn out to be fashionable as a supply of protein right this moment than ever earlier than. On common, individuals eat 42 kilos of fish a yr right this moment. Though, many of the fish that come into the market right this moment are from aquaculture. Our wild fish shares are already depleted and oceans are overfished, so there isn’t a selection however to lift fish to fill in the hole.

The demand for fish raised in natural farms goes to be even higher due to the freshness, the style, and the very fact they’re rebased in a pure surroundings, devoid of chemical substances and unnatural components. When you increase fish with natural meals and in a pure surroundings, you may count on to promote fish to health-conscious neighbors with none issues.

Factors that have an effect on your fish farming revenue

To assess the profitability of the fish farming enterprise, allow us to checklist the primary components that will have an effect on your earnings in order that you know the way to deal with them while you begin a fish farm.

Feeding, water, and temperature degree, the kind of pond you utilize, feed prices, and different prices minus promoting prices will have an effect on your farm’s revenue potential every time.

Other concerns embody the situation of farms, farms close to markets, demand and provide, and particular vacation celebrations, and so on.

Why the necessity for fish farming?

There are quite a few advantages of getting began with fish farming enterprise a few of that are said as beneath;

  • One of the vital causes for getting began with fish farming enterprise is that fish is in nice demand not in India but in addition in different components of the world.
  • One of the primary causes is that extra individuals want consuming fish and fish merchandise as in comparison with meat or animal merchandise. Then, there’s a a lot greater demand for fish as a supply of meals as a consequence of nutritional vitamins and proteins.
  • Within the nationwide and worldwide platforms, the demand for fish farm market can also be on the rise in the current time. As per the growing demand and absence of provide chain, it’s apparent that extra variety of individuals is shifting in direction of fish farming as trendy traditions.
  • In the current time, individuals began to farm fish in small and massive tanks at farmlands or small room. This step has been taken as there’s a scarcity in the availability of sure edible fish in the ocean, ocean, and rivers. This is among the major the reason why extra individuals are stepping ahead to organising fish farms.

Steps to study learn how to begin worthwhile fish farming

Farmers take pleasure in elevating fish as livestock because it requires minimal land for a excessive revenue. Fish farming enterprise requires specialised information and in depth time, however with onerous work, then you may get a worthwhile enterprise. Here, we talk about steps for learn how to begin fish farming;

Evaluating profitability – Before beginning a fish farming enterprise, it’s essential to look at whether or not you may have the sources and time to commit to this enterprise. Important elements to contemplate are provide and demand, capital prices, working prices, authorized elements, and manufacturing capabilities. Then, consider the present market and see if there are room and demand for a brand new fish farm.

Training – Once you resolve that fish farming is a worthwhile endeavor, it’s really helpful that you just work at an working fishery to study the ropes. There are a number of technical and managerial abilities that it is best to good earlier than venturing off to start out the enterprise. A coaching stage, whereas it’s going to yield much less earnings, will show to be invaluable in the longer term. Working at a profitable fish farm will train you learn how to carry out water high quality, illness management, feeding, advertising and marketing, and processing abilities. Without this data, you may run into difficulties in the longer term.

Starting small – You ought to begin a small fish farming enterprise, as a part-time enterprise. Setting up a couple of tanks on the property and studying the ins and outs of the enterprise will produce earnings and put together you for a bigger funding.

Requirements for worthwhile fish farming

In case when you miss this: Tilapia Fish Farming in Aquaponics.

Requirements for worthwhile fish farming.


Using confirmed fish tradition expertise, giant quantities of readily obtainable water are wanted. Stocking charges are primarily primarily based on floor acreage, not on pond quantity. Deep ponds will not be an asset except they’re used as storage reservoirs to fill correctly constructed fish ponds. These ponds must be solely Four to six toes in depth. Stocking charges are decided by expertise, availability of aeration gear, and quantity of threat the fish farmer is keen to imagine. These charges at present vary from 2,000 lb/acre or much less as much as a most of 6,000 lb/acre. High-density tank or raceway fish tradition utilizing a small quantity of recirculating water, fixed aeration, and filtration is a risk as applied sciences enhance; although, at current solely extremely skilled and well-financed fish culturists have been persistently profitable with these strategies.

Existing ponds

Existing ponds can be utilized for fish tradition however their use is restricted as a result of they can’t be drained or seined for an environment friendly harvest. If the fish pond is not less than 1 floor acre in dimension, cage tradition may be a risk. Large soil conservation lakes are good candidates for industrial fish cage tradition. Small current ponds generally is a good place to check out fish farming or elevating small portions of fish, however they don’t seem to be appropriate for industrial fish manufacturing.

Fish feeds

To breed fish completely you should need to guarantee that the fish survives to finish its development cycle. The fish should breed naturally. Then, this can assist in a rise in the variety of fish. So you should choose the appropriate kind of meals. It is essential to make the appropriate collection of fish meals.

The meals should be chosen relying on the breed of the fish you’re having on the farm. You have to take care of the appropriate hygiene and temperature of the water in the pond. This implies that repeatedly you’ll have to check it for salinity and pH degree.

Methods of fish farming

Cage System of Fish Farming

The first technique is the cage system which makes use of cages which might be positioned in lakes, ponds, and oceans that include the fish. This technique is extensively known as off-shore cultivation. Fish are saved in the cage-like constructions and are “artificially fed” and harvested. The fish farming cage technique has made quite a few technological advances over time, significantly with decreasing ailments and environmental issues. Though, the primary concern of the cage technique is fish escaping and being unfastened among the many wild fish inhabitants.

Pond System for fish farming

The second technique is irrigation ditch programs or pond programs for elevating fish. This primary requirement for this course of is to have a ditch or a pond that holds water. Then, it is a distinctive system as a result of at a small degree, fish are artificially fed and the waste produced from the fish is then used to fertilize farmers’ fields. On a bigger scale, principally in fish ponds, the pond is self-sustaining because it grows vegetation and algae for fish meals.

The third technique of fish farming is named a composite fish tradition which is a sort of fish farming that permits each native fish species and imported fish species to coexist in the identical pond. The variety of fish species relies upon, however it’s typically upwards of six fish species in a single pond. The fish species are all the time rigorously chosen to make sure that species can coexist and cut back competitors for meals.

Fish farming Integrated recycling programs

The fourth technique of fish farming is known as an built-in recycling system which is taken into account the most important scale technique of “pure” fish farming. This technique makes use of giant plastic tanks which might be positioned inside a greenhouse. There are hydroponic beds which might be positioned close to the plastic tanks. The water in the plastic tanks is circulated to the hydroponic beds, the place the fish feed waste goes to supply vitamins to the crops which might be grown in the hydroponic beds. The majority of forms of crops which might be grown in the hydroponic beds are herbs reminiscent of parsley and basil.

The final kind of fish farming technique is known as traditional fry farming this technique can also be referred to as a “flow-through system”. This is when sport fish species are raised from eggs and put in streams and launched. Different fish species are raised on fish farms, the widespread fish spices raised are salmon, carp, tilapia, catfish and cod.

You may additionally test this: Azolla as Livestock Feed.

How to get a license for the fish farming enterprise?

It is essential to get the enterprise registered in India earlier than beginning. You should get registered by submitting a enterprise registration type and you’ll be supplied with a registration quantity.

You should get registered at authorities places of work. You should submit all particulars associated to details about your self and enterprise. You can apply for a subsidy below the federal government sector for enterprise. If you’re looking ahead to beginning up this enterprise in the ocean or river financial institution then you may should take particular permission.

Is a fish farming enterprise worthwhile?

Additionally, the checklist of farmed species is dominated by shrimp, Atlantic salmon, tilapia, and several types of shellfish. Indian fisheries and aquaculture is a vital sector of meals manufacturing. Mainly, it supplies dietary safety to the meals basket. Along with fish tradition, decorative fish tradition and high-value fish farming are gaining significance in the current previous. In India, the main fish producing states are Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, Gujarat, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, and Karnataka.

In the aquaculture enterprise, each small-scale fish farming and large-scale fish farming are worthwhile. Additionally, the enterprise has good export potential. Normally, the small-scale farms promote the contemporary fishes for retailing whereas large-scale farms promote the fishes to the slaughterhouses for additional preparation and export. If you may plan nicely, the built-in fish farming enterprise ensures the best revenue ratio.

Fish farming price and revenue per acre

Coming to the earnings returns of Catla fish farming revenue per acre you’ll get extra revenue whereas evaluating to the capital earnings or funding.

Land Resources

Land sources must be thought-about when planning an aquaculture enterprise. The topography of the land will decide the kind of fish ponds that may be constructed. Flat or gently sloping cleared land with loads of clay is economical for fish tradition. Large dike ponds appropriate for fish tradition might be constructed for the least expense.

How a lot land is required?

For in depth / modified in depth, minimal land required is about 50 acres or extra. For an area working agriculturist, even a 5-acre farm is possible. For anybody wishing to start out fish farming from scratch, 50 acres or extra is economically possible. For semi-intensive farming, it may be began from a couple of acres however 20 acres of land might be extra fascinating.

1 acre = 4840 sq yards – 1 hectare = 2.5 acres roughly.

How a lot does land price?

Depending on the situation whether or not the primary street or aspect street or very distant, land prices about Rs. 60,000 to Rs. 300,000 per acre per yr. Very good land for fish farming can in all probability be bought for round Rs. 100,000 per acre per yr.

Managerial Requirements

Large scale Catla fish tradition is much like different intensive animal enterprises in that it requires onerous work, consideration to particulars reminiscent of diet, well being, and care of the aquatic animals, in addition to making sound financial selections.

Fish farming, like different enterprise enterprises, requires correct record-keeping making knowledgeable financial selections in regards to the buy of feed, fingerlings, and associated methods to optimize returns from the market place. Large scale industrial fish farming just isn’t an excellent worthwhile enterprise to retire into as a interest.

How lengthy does it take for fish to develop or when do get a return on funding?

Unlike the west and because of the Catla species cultured, bigger fish are most popular which additionally fetch a better worth. Once the ponds are constructed and stocked, harvesting/promoting can start after 12 months. A harvest cycle might be attained to supply fish for six to eight months of the yr.

Stocking density and ratio

A pond having a median water depth of two.0-3.Zero m might be stocked on the fee of about 5,000 fingerlings/ha. However, it’s advocated 6,000-12,000 fingerlings/ha in the pond having a median water depth of about 2.5 m. In any case, the precept behind figuring out the stocking ratio is to satisfy the habitat and feeding niches working in the higher, column, and backside layer of the pond with species combos in such a option to decrease overlap. However, for the formation of distinct three layers in pond ecology, a minimal depth of 6 toes is required.

Subsidy for fish farming in India

The subsidy is offered for varied gadgets like renovation or restore of ponds,  building of recent ponds, first-year inputs, and so on. below a centrally sponsored subsidy scheme carried out by nearly all of the  State  Governments by  FFDA’s for various classes of farmers and from  National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB) particulars of which might be obtained from involved  Fisheries Departments or from the web site of NFDB.

Capital requirement for fish farming in India

The price of moving into fish tradition might be excessive in contrast with agricultural commodities. A profitable operation must be nicely deliberate. An in depth enterprise price range is step one in such a plan and will definitely be needed if the capital for the enterprise is borrowed. “Alternative” agricultural enterprises might be eligible for some low-cost government-backed loans or different particular lending devices. These applications shouldn’t be missed as potential sources of funding. Aquaculture just isn’t an enterprise that may save a farmer who’s already financially distressed. The start-up prices are sometimes too excessive and expertise is required to persistently produce a worthwhile harvest.

How a lot capital is required?

This relies on the land format, the peak of the water and the depth of the drainage channel, topography of the land, how a lot to excavate with out ruining or eradicating the topsoil, a distance of the water from land, stocking charges of fish per acre and so forth. Generally talking, a minimal of Rs. 50,000 per acre (excluding the value of land) of Capital funding is required to completion of ponds and stocking. There can be a matter of recurring bills reminiscent of fertilization, workers salaries, building of ponds, and so on. This too relies on the scale of the farm. As such working capital of about Rs. 30,000 per acre each year is required.

What are the returns?

Returns rely upon inputs. Such inputs are appropriate fish stocking charges, good high quality identifiable seed, correct fertilization, vigilance, and powerful administration. Harvest strategies, correct administration of harvesters, transportation to market, and having dependable workers to promote the product can also be crucial. On common, it is best to count on to promote about Rs. 150,000 value of fish per acre (gross). The common internet earnings from Catla fish farms is over Rs. 100,000 per acre per yr however with correct administration, internet earnings of Rs. 150,000 per acre per yr might be achieved.  

Economics or revenue in one acre of Catla fish farming;

S.No Item Rate Amount in Rs
1 Excavation of land per acre Rs 25/meter dice 1,00,000
2 Construction of sluice gate (inlet/outlet) —– 25,00
3 Fish seed (4000 fingerlings) Rs 3/every 12,000
4 Liming(200 Kg) Rs 15/kg 3,000
5 Fertilizers & Manures 20,000
6 Supplementary feeding (FCR= 1:1.5) (6000Kg’s) Rs 30/Kg 1,80,000
7 Regular funding (together with Labour) 60,000
8 Total Investment 4,00,000
9 Total Investment( Excluding capital funding) 400000-100000 3,00,000
10 Total Fish Production (Approx 4500 kg) Rs 100/kg 4,50,000
11 Net Income/Year 450000-300000 1,50,000
12 Net Income /month 12,500

Conclusion of fish farming in India

With a correct fish farming marketing strategy, advertising and marketing technique, one could make an excellent revenue in an acre of fish farming. In case in case you are in How to Make Money from Fish Feed Production.