Dicamba Use Challenged


Plaintiffs Ask Federal Court to Halt Dicamba Spraying, Hold EPA in Contempt

An emergency movement was filed on June 11, asking a federal courtroom to halt EPA’s order permitting current shares of dicamba for use by means of July 31. (DTN picture by Pamela Smith)

An emergency movement was filed late Thursday evening, June 11, asking the Ninth Circuit Court to halt all dicamba use and maintain the EPA in contempt of courtroom for its resolution to permit farmers to make use of current shares of three dicamba herbicides.

On June 12, the courtroom’s panel of judges responded and ordered EPA to reply to the emergency movement by 5 p.m. on June 16.

Until then, EPA’s order nonetheless stands. But if the judges in the end rule in opposition to EPA, the movement might as soon as once more go away farmers with out many dicamba herbicide choices to make use of over thousands and thousands of acres of dicamba-tolerant soybean and cotton this summer season.

The emergency movement was filed by the plaintiffs who introduced a lawsuit in opposition to EPA to the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, demanding the courtroom finish three herbicide registrations — XtendiMax, Engenia, and FeXapan. They succeeded when, on June 3, three judges dominated of their favor, successfully ending the registrations of the herbicides with a “vacatur” order. Five days later, EPA issued a cancellation order, which ended the registrations however permitted growers and business applicators to proceed utilizing “existing stocks” of the herbicides by means of July 31.

The plaintiffs, which embrace the Center for Food Safety and the Center for Biological Diversity, estimated that as much as 16 million kilos of dicamba may very well be utilized within the weeks forward, in direct violation of the Ninth Circuit’s ruling.

“Trump’s EPA is so rogue it thinks it can blow off a federal court ruling that stops the damaging dicamba spraying in an administrative order,” mentioned George Kimbrell, authorized director of the Center for Food Safety, and lead counsel within the case, in a press launch. “EPA needs a lesson in separation of powers and we’re asking the court to give it to them.”

When the judges initially vacated the dicamba registrations on June 3, they dominated that EPA had acted unlawfully by registering herbicides in 2018 when there was a transparent threat they might trigger unreasonable hostile results on the setting. The judges cited the reporting of the widespread off-target dicamba harm in 2017 and 2018 as proof for ending the registrations.

By allowing use to proceed by means of July 31, the EPA is ignoring these conclusions and setting the trade up for one more 12 months of herbicide injury, the plaintiffs argued of their emergency movement.

“EPA’s administrative order authorizes dicamba OTT spraying until July 31, 2020, guaranteeing drift damage throughout June and July, the peak period for such drift,” they wrote, including that “EPA made no attempt to address these harms before greenlighting them, in spite of this Court’s finding that EPA had substantially underestimated the drift incidents and the extent of damage.”

The movement additionally argues that EPA didn’t have the authority to difficulty a cancellation order, given the intense measures the judges went to of their authentic ruling.

“Judicial vacatur is not the same as pesticide cancellation,” the plaintiffs argued. “OTT dicamba use was not canceled: the new uses were vacated. The differences between vacatur and pesticide cancellation under FIFRA are significant: FIFRA cancellation is subject to extensive rules and process that have nothing to do with a judicial order … Vacatur is very different: setting aside or vacating voids the approval, returning the status quo ante before it was granted.”

The plaintiffs requested the judges to carry EPA administrator Andrew Wheeler in contempt of courtroom.

“EPA and Administrator Wheeler should be found in contempt for not just failing to substantially comply with, but blatantly and intentionally violating the entirety of the Court’s Order,” they wrote.

EPA launched an announcement to DTN this morning, defending its order.

“EPA’s order — which protects the livelihood of our nation’s farmers and the global food supply — is consistent with the Agency’s authority and with the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeal’s June 3, 2020 mandate,” the company mentioned in an emailed assertion to DTN. “EPA stands by its order and will vigorously defend against attempts to limit the agency’s authority to provide clarity and certainty to farmers.”

Dicamba registrant Bayer, which is listed as a defendant-intervenor within the authentic lawsuit, vowed to battle the emergency movement in courtroom.

“We are reviewing the filing in detail, but do not believe it is proper or well-founded and we are preparing our responsive filing,” a Bayer spokesperson mentioned in an emailed assertion. “During this critical time, farmers and commercial applicators can continue to use low volatility dicamba herbicides per the U.S. EPA’s current order.”

The judges didn’t grant Bayer a chance to reply to the plaintiff’s emergency movement, solely EPA.

Both Corteva Agriscience, which markets the FeXapan herbicide, and BASF, which owns Engenia, introduced that that they’ve filed motions to intervene within the lawsuit. Both corporations famous that they solely turned conscious that their dicamba merchandise had been implicated within the lawsuit when the Ninth Circuit vacated all three registrations on June 3.